Public Transport: Most Popular Articles
This article examines why buses are not required to have seatbelts and concludes that it is for two main reasons - cost and the fact that adding seatbelts is unlikely to make travel by bus, already the safest mode of travel, even safer.
This article describes how much it costs transit agencies to purchase and then operate a bus in daily service.
Ten rules that you need to follow when you take public transportation.
This article examines the capital costs of recent rail transit projects in the United States and Canada and describes some factors that help to explain the differences in costs.
Obviously the bus does not disintegrate at that time. The answer is that the buses are often sold at an auction, and sometimes sold through dealerships.
This article goes over how to become and stay a bus driver, from the initial testing to continuing education.
Review of The Moving Metropolis
We look at the data showing the operating cost differences between the two modes of public transportation, and conclude: Buses are considerably cheaper.
This article provides a brief overview of the scheduling software used in the public transit industry and then focuses on Hastus by GIRO, and includes what kind of prices you are likely to pay for Hastus. It then finishes with a short discussion of what the future is likely to hold for scheduling software packages.
This article describes everything you would like to know about electric buses - how they work, how much they cost, the advantages and disadvantages of using them, and the prognosis for their future usage.
This article provides an overview of how bus routes and schedules get planned. It includes discussion of the following: long range planning, grant applications, and short-range route and schedule planning.
This article discusses how long transit buses and other vehicles are expected to last in the United States and other countries.
An overview of the medical requirements for the Commercial Driver License (CDL).
This article describes the two possible ways that transit authorities could contract out to private operators - just contract out operations or contract out planning and operations - and the advantages and disadvantages of each in comparison with public sector operation.
A summary of the effect that rail transit has on property values.
After defining the difference between operating and capital funding, this article describes the different ways of financially supporting transit, including farebox revenues and revenues from sales, gas, property, and income taxes. Next, the article talks about transit support at the local, state, and federal level and refers to the New Starts Program, the JARC program, and transit funding in California and New York. Local funding is then discussed, including innovative local transit funding programs such as Los Angeles's Measure R and America Fast Forward.
This article describes the difference between transit capital and operating funding and why it is easier to build a subway than it is to run it.
This article describes the steps to follow in determining the initial placement of a new bus route.
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This article describes the two basic methods of building a subway.
This article describes safety improvements implemented or planned since the Los Angles Metrolink Commuter Train crash in September 2008.
This article describes the relative capacities of different modes of transit. Cities are cautioned against building rapid transit lines with either too much capacity - since it wastes money - or too little capacity - since a day will come when the line is saturated with passengers and cannot add any more.
These are six basic tips to keep in mind while marketing your public transportation system.
This installment describes how times for the bus are calculated, and how time points are determined.
This article examines how gondola lifts and aerial trams, usually found only in ski resort settings, are used more broadly for public transportation.
Automated Passenger Counting (APC) systems are revolutionizing the transit industry by providing much more information about ridership and on-time performance than has historically been available. Read about how they work here.
This article provides an overview of the debate between whether light rail or bus rapid transit will/should be built in a particular corridor.
This article describes the requirements of being a bus driver and how transit agencies could improve the recruitment of bus drivers by relaxing some of the requirements.
This article describes a common bus scheduling problem and four ways in which it can be resolved.
An overview of the current progress on each of the ten federally designated high speed rail corridors in the United States, including links to specific pages on each of the ten.
This article describes the unhealthy nature of bus driving and makes three recommendations to improve bus driver health.
This article examines how self-driving cars could affect public transit and public transportation and concludes that while some demand for transit will be reduced, many current transit passengers will be too poor to take advantage of these new technologies and transit systems, by significantly reducing labor costs, will be able to rely on fewer government subsidies.
The fifth in a series of five articles giving a brief overview of how bus routes and schedules get designed.
This article reviews an article published in the Journal of Public Transportation assessing how safe young people in Melbourne, Australia feel about using public transportation.
The fourth part of the series in which I describe how bus routes and schedules get designed.
This article examines if people who ride public transit get sick more than other people, and concludes that there is insufficient evidence to answer this question.
This is the first in a series or article examine how transit agencies decide on what kind of bus to purchase. This entry describes how transit agencies determine what size of bus to buy.
A gallery of electric buses, especially the new BYD electric bus purchased by Long Beach Transit.
This is the second in a series or article examine how transit agencies decide on what kind of bus to purchase. This entry describes how transit agencies determine what kind of propulsion system to buy.
An examination of the effect that transportation network companies such as Uber and Lyft will have on transit.
A definition of Bus Rapid Transit
This article assesses the safety of transit, and concludes it is much safer to take transit than it is to drive or ride a bicycle despite the high profile transit fatalities that occurred as a result of the London terrorist bombings in 2005 and the Metrolink commuter train crash in Los Angeles in 2008. It ends by describing new safety procedures that have been put in place since the above incidents that have increased transit safety.
This article described how AVL (automatic vehicle location) works and how it is used in the transit industry.
This article examines the last mile problem in transit planning and how it could be overcome.
This article examines the importance of the name to a transit system's identity, and goes through a list of good and bad transit agency names and what makes each one good or bad. Finally, it suggests setting up an outlet through which transit agencies can see branded product.
A review of two cities with the best transit systems and two cities with the worst transit systems.
This is a review of Sustainable Transportation: Problems and Solutions by William Black.
This article described under what circumstances public transit agencies are allowed to provide charter bus services.
This article advocates for a new lower load factor standard for low floor transit vehicles. It also advocated for a lower load factor when buses operate less frequently, because the negative effect of being passed up is obviously greater when the wait for the next bus is longer.
This list describes the five top employment issues in the transit industry. They are: absenteeism, workers compensation, interactions between drivers and passengers, split shifts, and employee breaks.
This article describes two ways in which you can land a transit planning or bus scheduling job.
This is the first of a series of articles describing more specifically the steps of writing schedules in Hastus and other scheduling software programs.
This is a quick overview of California Public Transit Funding, and includes detailed information about state and local sources of transit revenue and outlays of transit revenue. An analysis of the future of California public transit funding is also presented. This article also includes an off-site link for more information.
This article examines the relative cost of taking transit or driving a car, and emphatically concludes that taking transit is much cheaper than driving. In fact, the cost savings is the primary advantage of taking public transportation.
An article reviewing how technology has made its mark in transit.
The latest high speed rail update features great news for supporters of the California High Speed Rail project.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" > Designing Bus
Many transit systems are constructing light and heavy rail lines. But since their reach is necessarily limited, if bus system improvements do not happen concurrently with the rail line opening then the rail line will not be successful. This article describes how to create successful bus-rail interfaces.
This article examines how closely together subway stations should be, and concludes that 1/2 mile is the optimum stop spacing for subway lines.
This article examines the elasticity of transit ridership in response to changes in fares and service levels.
This is the third in a series or article examine how transit agencies decide on what kind of bus to purchase. This entry describes how transit agencies determine whether to buy high or low floor buses, and what manufacturer to buy from.
An overview of the Toronto Transit Commission, including information about the network, funding, and projects.
Here is my review of the new federal transportation bill - MAP-21 (Moving Ahead for Progress In the 21st Century).
This article reviews a journal article that elucidated eight reasons why people stop using transit and made recommendations to overcome those reasons.
This article argues for simplicity in route design as a tool to attract higher patronage to transit.
A review of Public Transport in Developing Countries by Richard Iles.
An examination of fare evasion; included are descriptions of what is is, how many people do it, and what it costs transit agencies.
A review of how rural transit differs from urban transit.
This article examines if the June 2013 merger between New Flyer and NABI will be good for the industry.
An article describing an essential aspect of transit, the layover location.
This article goes over the three major capital projects currently being constructed by the New York MTA - the Long Island Railroad access to Grand Central Station, the extension of subway Line 7 to the far west side of Manhattan, and the first phase of the Second Avenue Subway from 63rd to 96th Street.
This article describes transit in Sydney, Australia and lessons that North American transit operators can learn from Sydney.
A review of The Road to Renewal - Private Investment in U.S. Transportation Infrastructure
This is a quick overview of New York Public Transit Funding, and includes detailed information about state and local sources of transit revenue and outlays of transit revenue. An analysis of the future of California public transit funding is also presented. This article also includes an off-site link for more information.
This article describes how bus drivers pick what routes they drive and how the way in which they pick their routes helps us improve our transit system.
This is a book review of Zoned Out by Jonathan Levine.
This article describes the basic makeup of a recent urban planning class taught by Jarrett Walker and how in a simplified format any person can engage in a similar activity, which is an effective way to think more about how public transit can better serve a particular city.
A quick overview of ESRI's Arc GIS products and how they are used in the public transit industry.
This article introduces the different ways transit fares can be paid, including by cash, token, ticket, transfer, day pass, monthly pass, UPASSES, tap cards, and through open fare payments by using credit cards.
This article goes over the public transit options available in the Motor City, including a description of the network, funding, fares, and planned projects.
This article examines how far people are willing to walk to transit.
Can the private sector do a better job of running transit? Find out in my review of Privatizing Transportation Systems.
This article examines how many people take transit to airports and issues associated with designing airport rapid transit lines.
This article summarizes California's Wage Order Number 9, which mandates rest periods and meal breaks, and it's effect on public transit in the state.
This list describes how each of the U.S. and Canadian Cities Over 1,000,000 fare in terms of ease of going without a car.
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Summary of federal requirements of accessible features on vehicles, including lifts, ramps, and automated stop and route announcements.
This article explains when to use school trippers in your transit service.
This gallery contains images of buses and transit from places in the Los Angeles Region. Featured are the buses and rail lines of Los Angeles Metro, and the buses of Long Beach Transit, Santa Monica Big Blue Bus, Culver City Municipal Bus Lines, Foothill Transit, Torrance Transit, Orange County Transportation Authority, Foothill Transit, the San Diego Metropolitan Transit System's buses and rail lines, Santa Barbara Mass Transit District, Los Angeles DASH and Commuter Express, and others. Page 50.
This article describes what kind of transportation local transit agencies can offer to schools and how such transportation may be restricted by Federal Transit Administration regulations.
Public Transport. Page 16.
This article examines a study which examined where people like to sit in the subway.
This article examines whether new streetcar lines promote development, and while results from Portland, OR and Seattle seem to suggest they do, it is unclear whether this development was caused by the rail line or would have occurred anyway.
This article examines transit in Pittsburgh, including the network, fares, funding, projects, and outlook for the future.
This article describes the different duty types that make up a typical transit agency's run cut.
This article explains what the spare ratio is in transit, how much the spare ratio usually is, and factors that can affect the spare ratio.
This article gives an overview of the federal requirement that transit agencies submit annual data about the number of accidents, crimes, ridership, and passenger miles to the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) for inclusion in the NTD (National Transit Database). Agencies gather this information either by using automated passenger counting systems (APCs) or by manually collecting the data through riding randomly selected trips.
This is a profile of the Los Angeles Metropolitan Transportation Authority.
This gallery contains images of transit and buses from the San Francisco Bay Area. Currently featured are the cable cars, streetcars (historic and otherwise), buses and trolley buses of the San Francisco Municipal Railway and the rapid transit lines operated by BART. Page 2.
This article profiles the California High Speed Rail Project, including the route, cost, annual ridership, and outlook.
A review of Embarq corporation's recent article about how to improve transit ridership through marketing tools. Some of the tools include build a strong brand and identity, value internal communication, educate the users of your system early and often, provide simple but informative maps and schedules, tailor marketing messages to specific groups, control the media, be responsive to riders, and disseminate your information online.
This article describes five ways that transit systems can improve passenger security: install security cameras, improve lighting at stops and stations, initiate a request stop program, make real time schedule information available on phones, and employ CPTED (crime prevention through environmental design) principles.
In this article I go over some of the compelling reasons to take transit.
A description of transit in Ann Arbor, MI.
An examination of whether articulated or double-decker buses are better when transit agencies need a bus with higher capacity than a normal bus can provide.
This article examines the advantages and disadvantages of flat versus distance-based fares.
An overview of the Federal New Starts Program, the federal government's primary method of supporting the construction of new rapid transit lines and rehabilitation of existing ones. The program's budget is examined, including which projects are currently receiving funding. An analysis of the criteria upon which projects are judged follows; afterwards, the article discusses project timelines. The article concludes with an overall analysis of the program.
This article provides an overview of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and how it ensures that transit agencies provide their services in a racially equitable manner.
This article described what positive train control is, why we need positive train control, and what is taking so long for us to get it.
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This entry examines whether transit-oriented development increases ridership, and be referencing several case studies demonstrates that it does. It calls for more analysis to determine if the size of the city's rapid transit network predicts the success of transit oriented development.
This article describes the advantages and disadvantages of off-street transit centers and concludes that if used correctly they can improve the transit experience for passengers in small to medium sized cities, but space limitations prevent effective usage in large cities with the most robust transit systems.
Allow me to present the Transit City of the Month for August 2014 - Vancouver, B.C.!
A review of The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System.
This article examines the public transit situation in the Seattle - Tacoma area, including information about the network, fares, funding sources, and future projects.
A review of Moving Minds: Conservatives and Public Transportation
A review and profile of the Acela Express, an Amtrak train that is America's only kind of high speed train.
An article which describe the aspects of a perfect bus stop.
This gallery contains images of transit and buses from the San Francisco Bay Area. Currently featured are the cable cars, streetcars (historic and otherwise), buses and trolley buses of the San Francisco Municipal Railway and the rapid transit lines operated by BART.
This article describes extra board operators. Extra board operators fill in for regular bus drivers when the regular drivers are sick or on vacation.
Overview of New York's Metropolitan Transportation Authority, including facts about ridership, the network, funding, and future transit projects.
This is a review of My Kind of Transit by Darrin Nordahl. His book, although it has some good ideas, generally ignores how transit can and does function in the real world.
This article describes how we can improve lighting at bus stops to attract night patronage and improve safety and security.
Contracting out of public services is all the rage right now. This article describes factors needed for success of public transit contracting out, and some factors that suggest that contracting out transit service to a private operator may fail.
A review of fuel cell buses. Public Transport.
A review of Cities for People by Jan Gehl.
Las Vegas Bus Old Color Scheme Articulated. Page 11.
This is an overview of the Sequoia Shuttle, a partnership between the National Park Service and Visalia Transit which connects the city of Visalia, CA to Sequoia National Park.
This gallery contains images of transit and buses from the San Francisco Bay Area. Currently featured are the cable cars, streetcars (historic and otherwise), buses and trolley buses of the San Francisco Municipal Railway and the rapid transit lines operated by BART. Page 3.
A review of the importance of passenger complaints and how to handle them.
This article examines the spatial mismatch phenomenon.
This article describes four ways that transit systems can make their networks safer for pedestrians and also discusses how transit systems can work with local planning departments to lessen the impact other pedestrian safety improvements have on transit systems.
This article argues that the makeup of Walker's network design class - young, healthy, choice riders who work in the public sector of the urban planning profession - explains the near universal decision to avoid any effective suburban transit in favor of robust central city transit, to make people walk a long distance to the nearest bus stop, and to utilize all available resources, even if deployment of said resources is inefficient.
Las Vegas Max Bus. Public Transport. Page 4.
This is a review of the new El Monte Bus Station, which opened to the public on October 14, 2012 at a cost of $60 million.
Public Transport. Page 9.
This article describes six major reasons why streetcars were replaced by buses in the United States, why streetcars, also called trams, continue to be used extensively in Europe, and the recent trend towards construction of new streetcar and light rail lines.
An article about park and ride lots that describes their need, the last mile problem, proper placement, transit oriented development, and whether we should charge for parking.
This article reviews the meeting I attended detailing the City of Los Angeles Planning Department's zoning and other changes around Expo Line Phase II stations.
An article describing transit vehicle destination or headsigns.
Here I describe three union work rules that increase the cost of operating transit, and conclude that eliminating the rules would make transit more economically efficient without affecting the wages or benefits of the bus drivers.
This article reviews an article exploring ridership differentials between bus rapid transit and light rail transit.
This gallery contains images of transit and buses from the San Francisco Bay Area. Currently featured are the cable cars, streetcars (historic and otherwise), buses and trolley buses of the San Francisco Municipal Railway and the rapid transit lines operated by BART. Page 9.
A review of transit in San Diego.
Public Transport. Page 17.
This article examines timepoints: how many do we need, and do we even need them at all?
A review of Mobility First - A New Vision for Transportation In a Globally Competitive Twenty-First Century.
This article examines what would happen if transit were free and concludes that, with the exception of limited operations in areas of small population, free transit would cause significant overcrowding and vandalism.
This article examines what the possible effect of Washington State and Colorado legalizing marijuana will be on transit.
This article looks at how public transit has been depicted in movies.